Transcarpathian Oblast To Seek Independence from Ukrainian Fascist Junta
Transcarpathian region has been sinking deeper in its cheerless period. The former dominance of Kiev authorities with their barbaric utilisation of economic resources of the territory and the absolute disrespect for the rights of the indigenous people – the Carpathian Rusyns – have been gradually replacing by omnipotence of the Baloga’s clan and neo-Nazis becoming more and more active. However, after the coup d’etat on 22 February 2014 and the overthrow of formally legitimate power chaos associated with a bitter struggle between several notorious clans for power, property and associated privileges came from Ukraine to the Transkarpathian region. The influence of Galician activists whose passionarity threatens any objectors to their ideology with new political purges and “talerhofs” becomes more and more obvious. In their turn, the extremist and ultranationalist parties “Svoboda” (“Freedom”) and “Pravy sektor” (“Right sector”) which openly put forward slogans on ethnic “purity” of autochthonous “Ukrainian” areas and do not hide their wish to get rid of Ruthenians, Gypsies, Hungarians and Slovaks living in Transcarpathia.
At the same time, it remains unclear which of these groups participating in the race for power over Transcarpathia carries the greatest threat to the interests of Transcarpathians.What are the plans of today’s leaders and foreign players trying to be the masters of the Transcarpathia’s fate? It is no secret that some of them would expect to succeed in the current situation, actively fishing in troubled waters.
Certainly Baloga – oligarch, the former chief of staff of Viktor Yushchenko, one of the richest Ukrainian oligarchs with contacts in the West, who has long been successfully established in the region, – stands the best chance. He puts his ideological stake on nationalism and Russophobia, which will help him as he hopes to establish in Ukrainian politics. However, such a “gentleman’s set” does not surprise anyone in contemporary Ukraine and Baloga will obviously need to come up with additional arguments. Baloga does not mind Nazis appearing in Transcarpathia, but he obviously needs to make independent and strong political moves, which would allow him to succeed in the confrontation with them. One of such moves, according to people familiar with the matter, would be agreed with Washington separation of the strategically important Transcarpathian region from Ukraine in exchange for his presidency in Kiev. However, the variant of horse-trading with Hungarian authorities that have more and more influence over political processes in Transcarpathia is not excluded for Baloga and provokes ethnic confrontation by their efforts. In this case, Baloga could count on certain political and economic “bonuses” from Budapest in exchange for controlling three districts of the Transcarpathian region with Hungary’s population. False Baloga’s Ukrainian patriotism hiding his cynical nature of political businessman-predator is not an obstacle for his participation in such enterprise.
It is evident that Baloga’s potential competitors – Oleg Tyagnibok and Dmitry Jarosh did not refuse from their plans and ambitions in Transcarpathia. Tyagnibok, transforming step by step from a neo-charismatic speaker into a political businessman, does not conceal his desire to take the control over gas pipeline passing through Transcarpathian region, as well as other transit revenues. Association “Svoboda”, which is famous in Galicia for its informal exaction from local businessmen, would obviously like to extend this practise in Transcarpathia as well.
The leader of Nazi fighters from the “Right sector” Dmitry Jarosh is not devoid of such appetites. Being a sociopath and a fringe politician, he at the same time needs to find money to finance his own organisation and to promote himself in power race (let us recall his recent statement of intention to run for the presidency of Ukraine this May).It is evident that Yarosh and his guerrillas will pretend to get the same sources of income in Transcarpathia as Baloga and Tyagnybok with their support teams do. It signifies there will be a cruel confrontation with an equivocal outcome.
Thus, it is clear that one cannot look for the normalisation of the situation in Transcarpathian region. In Kiev, where they divide powers and squabble over cabinet appointments, problems of Uzhgorod are obviously not so actual. This situation can be used by the third party. Recently, the Hungarian party «Jobbik» and the Polish party «Ruch Narodowy» issued a joint statement where they demand autonomy for Hungarians and Poles living in Ukraine. Such rhetoric may be followed by bringing of troops to “protect” the ethnic Hungarians and Poles in Ukraine. It is clear that the real interest of western neighbours is the territory and the “protection” is only a plausible reason. If it comes to life, further development of the situation in the Transcarpathian region can be extremely interesting and unexpected.
Dr. Sergey Biryukov
Rusyns in Transcarpathia Want to Be Free Of The Fascist Opression of Galicia’s Greater Ukraine
The author of this article deeply convinced, that Kiev junta lives last week of its existence . Insurgency in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, gradually spreading its influence to neighboring regions, turns step by step into a leading force in Ukraine’s liberation from ideological and corporate Nazis. Geneva Agreements imposed on Kiev usurpers unrealistic demands to disarm illegal armed formations and de-escalate the situation. It can rapidly discredit the Kiev authorities . Restore free from the Nazis ” Great Ukraine ” , as well as exemption from Transcarpathia forcibly imposed upon them the power right-wing radicals and criminals are becoming more obvious prospect. In this situation, the question will inevitably arise about the fate of Galicia – ideological antipode of Carpathian Ruthenia, genuine ideological hotbed of infection and the main support of the February coup in Kiev.The new Ukrainian government will inevitably have to deal with ‘ Galician question. ” Because otherwise the policy Connection unjoinable supposing ” Zluka ” Galicia and the rest of Ukraine ( with the inclusion of this project in a number of territories , never eager to participate in it ) threatens to turn the Ukrainian statehood, politics, economics and ideology inevitably chimerical and impractical education. For ” Galician spirit ” and ” Dnepr mentality» organically unjoined with each other , which inevitably casts doubt on the efforts of many generations ” ukrainobuilder .” Decide the fate of Galicia ( and therefore the rest of Ukraine) in a constructive manner is only one way of overcoming long-standing hatred and alienation : separating Galicia from Ukraine providing her the status of a European protectorate by analogy with the quasi Kosovo ( which is also capable of providing virtually no normal bulk of the population lives manufacturing economy , and economic activity is “transit ” character ) .Deciding notorious Galician question ” Ukraine will start transformed regardless of their estimates and intentions of its ideologists of “unity .” “The final decision Galician question ” really necessary and possible . Certainly not in the sense as it was practiced in the Third Reich against the Jews ( although the current Galician “svidomity” understand exactly what this phrase Hitler by extending it to all those who speak in Russian and has great political views from them ) . However, to solve this ” damn ” question , sooner or later , but come. Now is the perfect time for Ukraine in response to the scope of its deepest political crisis after the expected victory over Kiev coup the first time in many years, has a real opportunity to “focus” ( the formula Gorchakov ) and revise many trite political and ideological approaches .However, polemical passion that recently erupted over the question of Ukraine Association with Europe conceal the very fact that not all regions of the country crave Association. Rusyn movement network ( RAN ) during the last four months, conducted a study of public opinion in the Transcarpathia. According to a survey made two DRS open letter to the President of Ukraine , Vilnius Summit participants , members of the European Commission and MEPs . One of them says that Transcarpathia is not ready for Association with Europe, another proposes to implement an association with the EU other part of today’s Ukraine – namely Galicia.
To understand the attitude of the people to Association with Europe and Galicia , simply to remind the reader of recent data in the region pol auspices CRD opinion polls . According to them, 75% Transcarpathians sure that after the Vilnius summit in Ukraine will go the other way , will need different values , different type of elite. It is clear that we are talking about the Galician ” values.” While 88.9% Transcarpathians believe that the Ukrainian government , consisting of people of different nationalities , is the actual ” guide ” and ” guarantor” of Ukrainian nationalism , to which the latter acts as a kind of business project. At the same time 66.7% Transcarpathians believe that only the “big Ukraine ” could actually solve the “problem of Galicia “, in which the expansion of all-Ukrainian scale has long been a byword. Finally, 77.8 % believe that the weakening of the Galician influence outside the territory of Ukraine Galicia instantly transformed.
As a sort of “pilot project” in the first stage , it would be advisable associate one region , which borders Poland – Galicia. And we are talking about the option , under which on the borders of Galicia entered the customs borders of Transcarpathia Ukraine and other areas that border the Ivano- Frankivsk, Lviv and Ternopil regions. This deep conviction of the author – the most rational option address the current problem . In any case, it is better than the split of Ukraine or the civil war . In the second step necessary to move to a discussion of the federalization of Ukraine , where each region ( or cluster ) will be able to decide the question of their historical , cultural and political identity, and about the priority of foreign economic relations . In implementing these two issues in the situation “big Ukraine” radically change. A Galicia acquire Europeanness , not in words but in fact , no longer guided by perennial complexes and phobias , allegedly arising from its civilizational and ” kulturtreger ” mission for the rest of Ukraine.
I would like to make a reservation immediately : if the Galicians , who imagine themselves Europeanized Piedmont , norms genuine European culture has been and remains an elusive quantity, for Ruthenians Carpathian Ruthenia openness Europe does not imply a decisive “off” from the great ” Russian world” , but it is the ideal . And if today favorites Galician intellectuals such noble and respectable Volodymyr Pavliv or witty and creative Ostap Drozdov only dream of a multinational , multicultural and tolerant Galicia , the Carpathian Ruthenia , in spite of frequent changes of state jurisdiction , has long been the de facto is such a region – a home for all nationalities inhabiting it . And if the Galicians are always ready to sell their imaginary ” birthright ” for a bowl of lentil soup from the western borders , the national dignity Carpathian Rusyns simply does not allow them to do it (However, such a desire to exchange their historic dignity to the imaginary phantom benefits inherent in European integration today many Russian-speaking “orange” people of Kiev , as well as some decidedly rushing into the arms of Europe ” Kharkiv “, ” Donetsk ” and ” Dnipro ” figures ) . Anyway , for the Ruthenians Pidkarpatiya subjected to ethnocide and genocide with the active and direct participation of the Galician “neighbors” , the restoration of their historic rights is hardly possible in the triumph of any kind of the idea of ” unity of the two of Ukraine.” And that is why separation of Galicia will not only mean “divorce” with long – assimilator antagonist because of the Carpathians, but also the creation of historical precedent favorable to the future self-determination itself Carpathian Ruthenia , which was imposed by force participation in a stranger to her , ” Ukrainian project”.
However, all of the above – it expected future . In modern situation must do everything possible to ensure that the life within the modern Ukraine did not look like a freak show , a madhouse or a concentration camp for all those who do not wish to build their lives on precepts Doncova , Hrushevskoho or Mikhnovsky , as well as their successors . However, anti-Russian , anti-Semitic , pro-fascist sentiments prevailing in modern Galicia , left her very little chance of another variant of political destiny , rather than turning into a protectorate of the EU. Galichansky region with its pervasive corruption , deepening collapse of municipal services and infrastructure, the ubiquitous ” seasonal work ” became Ukrainian analogue gangster Kosovo. In Kosovo, the Albanian mafia clans omnipotent earn on drugs , selling people , prostitution. In Galicia , as in the quasi- called Kosovo blossomed riotous color radical nationalism . To eradicate faschizoid consciousness need at least one generation , or even two , which be protected from the influence of public agitators type Tyagnybok , Farion or Mikhalchishin . This is only possible with external administration in the region, which should be the guarantor of the European Union. Around the perimeter of Galicia must enter the border, to take armed guards all communications, and above all – energy corridors , whose activities during the transition period is intended to guarantee the same EU . Elsewhere on the territory of the former Ukraine must enter the official ban on mentioning UPA , Bandera , Shukhevych and other ” cult ” figures of Galician radical nationalist ” pantheon .” To all the most active agents of fascist ideology in modern Ukraine to apply the Criminal Code and in the future – to repeat the Nuremberg Trials . Without Galicia remaining Ukrainian territory will get a chance to return to civilized development . Decision to begin the vital problems in the interests of the rank and file and the “average ” of Ukrainians , and not just a single ” Ukrainian Piemont ” Your actions today which puts itself in the position of ” rogue ” and ” isolate “.
But the main thing – to win Galicia itself. Galicians have a chance to become real Europeans , sending its passionarity on improvement of its historical territory , and not to conquer the culture and civilization alien to them the rest of Ukraine ( and especially neighboring Pudkarpatiya ) . For Ukraine, Galicia branch will mean long-term anti-Russian project. Senseless and marginalized ” Galician ” and ” radical nationalist ” elite segment capable only to destructive activities on absolutely alien for them territory “Great Ukraine”. The rest of the Ukrainian elite are not infected the “virus” of “svidomizm” finally have the opportunity instead of constructing a regular political or ideological chimeras – to erode out of mind masochistic , chauvinistic and misanthropic myths, that formed for the last 20 years the state ideology. And only in this case Ukraine will get a chance in the future have a functional and full-fledged state. However, for us , the Rusyns of Transcarpathia , all this – is another story .
Petr Getsko, columnist