Ukraine’s Arms Shipments Not Only Fueled Syria Conflict but Also Conflicts Around the World


An old article but well worth a re-read to help get a backgorund on the current conlfict in Ukraine
Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume: 9 Issue: 229
December 14, 2012 06:44 PM Age: 2 yrs

Ukrainian S-125-2D surface-to-air missiles (Source: Aerotechnica)

A meeting in Morocco on December 12 by The Friends of Syria representing 100 countries recognized the opposition National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Force as the sole representative of the Syrian people. The step opens the way for increased humanitarian and military assistance for opposition forces seeking the overthrow of President Bashar al-Assad.
Ukraine will likely be one of the countries seeking to capitalize on this new development and export weapons to Syrian opposition forces through Arab proxies. The former Soviet Union and Ukraine have long-term experience in supplying weapons to the Middle East and Africa.

President Viktor Yanukovych’s administration has been pragmatic about exporting arms to warring parties and states—including to those opposed by Russia (see EDM, April 17, May 15). In particular, Ukrainian-made weapons have been delivered to insurgents in Syria through Saudi Arabian proxies. However, the Ukrainian foreign ministry denies supplying arms to the Syrian rebels (

Ukrainian arms shipments are likely to be part of a covert operation funded by Gulf Sunni supporters of the Syrian rebels. Weapons crates found in the Syrian city of Aleppo showed the arms were delivered from the Ukrainian port of Gostomel and exported by Dastan Engineering from LCW (Luhansk Cartridge Works), a major ammunition manufacturing plant in Luhansk. One of LCW’s main exports is the 7.62-mm cartridge used in AK-47 semi-automatic rifles, employed by both sides of the Syrian conflict (Ukrayinska Pravda, October 9).

Despite the Ukrainian support they are receiving, Syrian rebels continue to confuse Ukraine with Russia (as both were part of the Soviet Union, a common confusion even in the West). Furthermore, the anti-Assad forces suspect that Ukraine may in fact be arming both sides of the conflict. Therefore, Syrian rebels have retaliated by kidnapping Ukrainian and Russian journalists and threatening to attack both countries’ diplomatic missions in Syria (Ukrayinska Pravda, October 15). Syrian rebel suspicion of Ukraine playing both sides was deepened when kidnapped Ukrainian journalist Ankhar Kochnyeva publicly admitted to working for the Russian intelligence services and being a translator for Syrian intelligence (Ukrayinska Pravda, October 29).

Soon thereafter, the Ukrayina television channel owned by oligarch Rinat Akhmetov broadcast a videotaped message from Syrian rebel forces in which they threatened: “From now on Ukrainian embassies, Russian embassies, citizens of these countries, and also Iranians will become targets for our forces. We call upon our forces to not permit Ukrainians, Russians or Iranians to leave Syria alive” ( The Free Syrian Amy also threatened to execute Kochnyeva.

The Syrian civil war represents only the latest case of Ukraine being involved in supplying weapons to an ongoing violent conflict. For example, the Central African Republic and Chad each purchased Mi-24B combat helicopters and portable air-defense systems from Ukraine that in both cases were used in domestic civil wars and to support guerrilla groups in neighboring states. Additionally, in 2010–2011, Aerotekhnika MLT, a plant based in the town of Makariv in the Kyiv region, delivered four upgraded S-125 anti-aircraft missile systems to Uganda with each system including radar, a control cabin and four launchers. Uganda has used Ukrainian arms to battle the domestic Lord Resistance Army guerrilla group and provide support to groups in Sudan and Rwanda. Since 2010, Ukraine has also supplied 200 tanks to Ethiopia worth $100 million, and ten upgraded S-125-2D surface-to-air missiles were exported to an undisclosed African country (Gorshenin Weekly, February 27). Backed by logistical support from the United States, Ethiopia has cooperated with Kenya in the struggle against Islamist forces in neighboring Somalia.

In 2011, Ukraine exported tanks and upgraded armored personnel carriers (APCs) to Sudan and Ethiopia. Sudan also received 30 BM-21 Grad armored rocket launchers, 30 122-milimeter 2S1 Hvozdika self-propelled artillery systems, and 42 anti-missile systems. Some of the weapons used by Sudan against the newly independent Southern Sudan included tanks from Ukraine (as well as China) (Ukrayinska Pravda, June 28).

By their clandestine nature, Ukrainian arms deliveries to the Syrian rebels resemble Ukrainian arms supplied to the Croatian army and Kosovo Albanian separatists in the 1990s as part of covert operations supported at the time by the United States. More recently, in 2011–2012, the US and Germany respectively purchased 144,000 and 54,000 Ukrainian small arms for training purposes (Gorshenin Weekly, May 14). These could be meant for covert operations, the Soviet weapons providing the US with deniability as to the supplier. A similar strategy was used in the 1980s by the US in Afghanistan when it supplied Soviet weapons—captured by Israel in Lebanon and sent through Pakistan—to the anti-Soviet Mujahedeen. The strategy backfired when the Mujahedeen, still in possession of the weaponry supplied by Washington, became the Taliban. Thus, if the Assad regime is overthrown and an extremist new government—armed with Ukrainian weaponry—takes power in Damascus, history could repeat itself.

Western Ukraine Cities Put Into Lockdown as Thousands of Army Resrves Cross Into Russia

Cities across Western Ukriane have put into lock down as government authorities fear the spread of violence that has grown across Ukriane in recent weeks. In recent weeks the has been a series of fire bombings of government offices and attacks for Junta officals property in Kharkiv, Odessa, Kiev, Lviv and other places.

The Interior Ministry is currently recruitign members of Nationalist organistaions to organise night time streets patrols and checkpoints as tens of thousands of mobilised Ukriane Army Reserves refuse to turn up to mobilisation requests from illegitimate Coup President Petro Poroshenko.

Only 6% of persons who are subject to a partial mobilization, are volunteers which acoounts for only 3000 out of 50000 members of Ukrainian Army Rerserve with many thousands more accused of crossing Ukraines borders with the favorite destination being Russia.

Police with the assistance of volunteer battalions have set up checkpoints in the Western Ukrainian city of Lviv to check for weapons after thousands of Ukraine Army personel refused to turn up for the 4th national mobilsation. Oleg Boyko of the Ukraine General Staff confirmed reports that only 6% or 3 thousand Ukraine Army personal reported for duty in the 4th mobilisation with many more thosuands of Ukriane Army personel reproted to have crossed into Russia and other countries with fears that they will take weapons with them or join the insurgency now going on around easterna nd southern Ukraine.
Police along with Interior Ministry Troops have sort the assistance of nationalist volunteers in the Western Ukrainian city of Ivano-Frankivsk to set up night patrols and checkpoints to check for weapons after thousands of Ukraine Army personel refused to turn up for the 4th national mobilsation. Oleg Boyko of the Ukraine General Staff confirmed reports that only 6% or 3 thousand Ukraine Army personal reported for duty in the 4th mobilisation with many more thosuands of Ukriane Army personel reproted to have crossed into Russia and other countries with fears that they will take weapons with them or join the insurgency now going on around easterna nd southern Ukraine.
This was during a meeting of the chief of the Main Directorate of Mobilization Department of Defense and the General Staff of the mobilization plan of the Armed Forces, Oleg Boyko. “At the moment … on the fourth stage partial mobilization at this rate, we have only six percent,” – said Boyko.

According to him, during the previous mobilization, this percentage was significantly higher and in some places reached 20%.

“During the first stage of the partial mobilization in 2014, we were called for only 20% of the total number of volunteers mobilized. During the second and third stage of mobilization, this figure was up to 10 percent, “- said Boyko.

“The biggest problem in mobilization activities in the Transcarpathian region,” – he said.
According to him, sometimes people go abroad whole villages. “There is a report of the Chairman of the Kosovo village of the district, according to which the local population has hired two buses and drove them to the Russian Federation. On the border reservists paid for its intersection “, – said the head of mobilization department.

He added that in the Ternopil region continues mass escape of the male population abroad. “As if this was not a paradox, but people fleeing the Russian Federation”, – said Boyko.
There are also problems with the mobilization of equipment for the needs of the army. “Technology has been registered at the enterprises, while on business trips outside areas. And, as experience shows, was sent there literally on the eve of mobilization, “- he explained.

As previously reported, prosecutors have opened criminal proceedings in 1172 the facts of evasion from military service mobilization in 2014, the chief of the General Staff Mobilization Department Oleg Boyko.

Chechen Terrorists Arrested in France with Smuggled Ukrainian Volunterr Battalion Weapons

A promotion video by the Chechen Emirate promoting thr ‘Beardless Jihad’ in Ukraine.

Five Chechen’s linked with the French based exile Chechen Emirate organistaion have been arrested in France for posetion of fire arms and explosives. They have been suspected by police of planning to launch a terroroist attack and of suppling weapons the recent Charlie Hebo attack. The weapons are believed to have orginated from Chechens fighting in Ukraine’s Volunteer Battalions and to have been smuggled across the Polish border with Chechen fighters returned back to their homes in France.

Video of Chechen in control of military weapons in Eastern Ukraine taking over a Russian language school

Earlier the story of a French investigation in a possible Ukrainian Volunteer Battalion origin for the weapons in the Charlie Hebdo attacks was leak on the LiveLeaks website:

Hospital in Dnipropetrovsk Admits over 90 Cyborgs as Patients in Last Three Days

At least one hospital in Dnipropetrovsk has admitted over 90 members of the Cyborg Unit damaged in fighting at Donetsk Hopsital at least 16 other hospitals from Kharkiv to Mariupol have also admitted patients with numbers expected in the hundreds.
Three days before the city hospitals constantly shuttled “fast”. For the wounded were unable to fire place. “Heaviest” immediately transported to the regional hospital – Operating worked there around the clock.

“In serious condition, four-in critical. Fourteen soldiers had to do surgery for health reasons”, – says Sergey Ryzhenko, chief physician of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Hospital

Sergey – in resuscitation. He has multiple shrapnel wounds from the heavy artillery – the same one that appeared in the Russian fighters after the last “humkonvoyu.”

“We should not miss a single” humkonvoyu “from Russia to block border by any means. It’s not just my opinion – this is the view of every soldier,” – said Sergei, a wounded soldier.

In the military hospital operating and working non-stop.

“The bulk – a missile wounds of soft tissue and gunshot fractures,” – says Oleg Polyakov, head of the medical service of Dnipropetrovsk military hospital.

Several “cyborgs” brought with symptoms of poisoning. They say that in the last days the militants used against them gas grenades.

“Four days have tanks freaking them struck the wall, after which the enemy was able to get to the upper floors of the terminal. They pelted from above – the first time was the first tear gas, then gas is clearly nerve action that causes vomiting, seizures,” – said John 80 fighter brigade.

Guys say: in the airport zone against Ukrainian military fighting mostly so-called “Kadyrov”. Attacks – very serious.
But that the surrender or retreat, not even in question – so minded “cyborgs”.

“Stood, hot season and has already said goodbye to each other, pryzhymalysya shoulder each other. But still think we should not give up. Must withstand,” – said Basil, 80 fighter brigade.

The wounded comrades zidzvonyuyutsya always at the forefront – learn the latest news.

Natalia Gryshchenko Yehen Kodentsov, news channel “Inter”.

In Verkhnje Lviv Greek Catholic Nazi Church Burning Down After Artillery Strike

In rural Lviv near the Polish and Slovak border a historic Greek Catholic Church was hold WWII NAzi graves as well as the graves of slain fighters who died attacking the Donetsk and Luhansk Peoples Republic was burned down after coming under artilery fire on Orthodox Christmas Day. It is thought to be the handy work of unknown former members of Ukraine Army who locals reported fired from across the border with Poland.

Links Between Right Sector and Listed Al-Qaeda Affilaite Go Back to Chechen War Some Background Notes

Akbaar Caucus Emirate

Right Sector Alexander Muzychko Founder in 1994 ‘I Will Lead a Jihadist Parade Down Red Square’

Right Sector

Jaish al Muhajireen wal Ansar aka Caucus Emirate aka Daesh aka Islamic Sate in Syria

Jaish al Muhajireen wal Ansar, or the Army of the Emigrants and Helpers or Muhajireen Army, is an al Qaeda and Islamic State-allied jihadist group that is populated by commanders and fighters from the Islamic Caucasus Emirate as well as a large number of Syrians. The group is considered to be the Caucasus Emirate’s branch in Syria. After the death of Islamic Caucasus Emirate leader Doku Umarov, the Muhajireen Army swore allegiance to his replacement, Ali Abu Mukhammad.

The Muhajireen Army was founded by Omar al Shishani, a Chechen leader who joined the Islamic State in the fall of of 2013. Salahuddin al Shishani is the current emir of the Muhajireen Army.

The State Department described the Muhajireen Army as “a Chechen-led terrorist organization based in Syria that consists primarily of foreign fighters.” However, the group is known to have integrated Syrian rebel brigades into its ranks. [See LWJ report, Chechen commander forms ‘Army of Emigrants,’ integrates Syrian groups .]

The tactical prowess of the fighters from the Caucasus, who have battled Russian troops for three decades, is evident on the Syrian battlefield. The Muhajireen Army has been instrumental in helping jihadists achieve key victories against Syrian President Bashar al Assad’s forces. The group has spearheaded operations against important Syrian bases, including the operation to take Minnigh Airport in Aleppo.

The Muhajireen Army has deployed suicide bombers and launched suicide assaults as part of its offensives. Additionally, the group is known to run training camps inside Syria. [See LWJ report, Muhajireen Army releases video of Syrian training camp.]

The Muhajireen Army has attempted to remain neutral in the dispute between the Al Nusrah Front and the Islamic State. But the group has gravitated toward the Al Nusrah Front and its ally, Ahrar al Sham, over the past year.

As part of the effort to counter the threats posed by foreign terrorist fighters, the Department of State has designated ten individuals and two groups as Specially Designated Global Terrorists (SDGT) under Executive Order (E.O.) 13224, which imposes sanctions and penalties on terrorists and those providing support to terrorists or acts of terrorism. As a result of the designations, all property subject to U.S. jurisdiction in which these individuals or groups have any interest is blocked and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in any transactions with them or to their benefit.

Formed in February 2013, Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar (JAMWA) is a Chechen-led terrorist organization based in Syria that consists primarily of foreign fighters. Cooperating with other violent extremist organizations in Syria, including al-Nusrah Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), JAMWA has launched deadly assaults against civilian communities, and kidnapped civilians and other foreigners in Syria.

With Russia and Ukraine in a tense standoff over the fate of Crimea, jihadis are bashing Russia in their forums and social media accounts. In some cases, they’re even calling on Muslims to travel to Eastern Ukraine to defend their religious brothers.

This week, the hashtag #NafirforUkraine began making the rounds on Twitter. The Islamic Arabic term “Nafir” is a call to action that requires any member of a jihadi group to travel to the country Nafir is called against and participate in a holy war in the name of Allah. Nafir was declared in the early stages of the conflicts in Syria and Egypt, and it helped spark jihadi migrations into these nations.

In this case, there’s no evidence yet of radical Muslim fighters flocking to Crimea to team up with the Muslim minority living there, but the #NafirforUkraine hashtag has been used more than 1,000 times, predominantly in tweets from Saudi Arabia.

In a video that was recently posted on Youtube and on Russian jihadist websites emir of  Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar (JMA), Batallion of foreign fighters in Syria,  Salahuddin Shishani, and his naib Abdul-Kerim Krimsky (Crimean) addressed to Muslims.

The video mentions the latest developments in jihad of Northern Caucasian fighters against governmental troops in Syria.  The last part of the video is of a particular interest as it calls for jihad in Crimea.

Abdul-Kerim  and Shishani urged for jihad in Crimea, meanwhile mentioning that Northern Caucasian jihadists will not go to Crimea, but they  “leave the honor” of waging jihad to Tatars in Crimea.

Abdul Karim al-Ukraini (“the Ukrainian”) aka  Abdul Karim Krimsky,  is the second-in-command of  the independent Chechen-led faction Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar (JMA) and the leader of  its Crimean battalion. It should be mentioned that security experts express increasing concerns about the long-term   influence of Crimean Tatar jihadists who went for jihad in Syria on the security situation in the Crimean peninsula.  According to Crimean sources, in 2013 at least 50 Crimean Muslims joined jihad in Syria and 2 of them were killed. etc etc etc

Quotes from the video, which was posted online last week, were provided by the Washington-based research organization Foundation for Defense of Democracy’s publication the Long War Journal which covers jihadi movements.

“You have to open up lands yourselves and defeat the infidels,” Krymsky said.

“I want to say to those brothers, and I am addressing those brothers who remain [in Crimea], that they should feel dignity, so that they can start on the path of jihad,” he said. “So if they can’t come to the lands of Islam, like Sham [Syria], they can go to Moscow or Poland because the infidels there and here won’t rest until they destroyed your religion.”

The Long War Journal noted that the Muhajireen Army – which has close ties with the Al Nusra Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Syria — is comprised of hundreds of fighters from the Caucasus and Russia as well as Syrians, while its deputy commander Krymsky is himself a Crimean Tatar.

The new video does not appear to be the first call for jihad in the Ukrainian theater. In March, BuzzFeed quoted intelligence experts who noted that they had already seen calls for jihad in Crimea posted online but that the calls until then had been “relatively small.”

Also in March, a Ukrainian parliament member held out the threat of reprisals from radical Islamists against Russia, a threat that to now has not been carried out.

– See more at:

Muhajireen Army commander calls for Muslims to wage jihad in the Ukraine

The deputy leader of an al Qaeda-allied jihadist group that is led by commanders from the Caucasus and other former Soviet republics has called for Ukrainian Muslims to wage jihad against the Russia government.

Abdul Karim Krymsky,  (the Army of the Emigrants and Helpers, or Muhajireen Army), said that Crimean Tatars and Ukrainian Muslims should “start on the path of jihad.” Krymsky made the statement in a video in which he appeared with Salahuddin Shishani (the Chechen), the emir of the Muhajireen Army.

The video was obtained and partially translated by From Chechnya to Syria, a website that tracks fighters from the Caucasus and Central Asia who are waging jihad in Syria. The video was first published on May 13 by Akhbar Sham, a Russian-language website that promotes the Muhajireen Army.

“You have to open up lands yourselves and defeat the infidels,” Krymsky, a Crimean Tatar, says.

“We see now that Muslims, Tatars, who went to Crimea and Ukraine have reached such a level of humiliation while here [in Syria] Muslims are proud and walk around freely and we simply see the difference in that,” he continues.

Krymsky then says that fighters in the Crimea who cannot emigrate to wage jihad should do so at home. Crimea, a region in Ukraine, was annexed by force by the Russian government this spring.

“I want to say to those brothers, and I am addressing those brothers who remain [in Crimea], that they should feel dignity, so that they can start on the path of jihad,” he says.

Krymsky also says that Muslims in the Ukraine should follow the example of the Islamic Caucasus Emirate, the al Qaeda-linked jihadist group that fights the Russians in the Caucasus.

The Muhajireen Army is an independent jihadist group affiliated with the Islamic Caucasus Emirate and comprised of hundreds of fighters from the Caucasus and Russia, as well as Syrians. The group is closely allied with the Al Nusrah Front, al Qaeda’s official branch in Syria; Ahrar al Sham, an al Qaeda-linked group that is part of the Islamic Front; and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham. Earlier this year, the Muhajireen Army released video of one of its training camps inside Syria.

Chechen Islamic Miltia Leader Isa Muyraev Promises to bring 60,000 Islamic Fighters to Ukraine for Jihad Against Russia Skeikh Mansour Battalion

“We have created an organization “socio-political movement Free Caucasus”, we combined about 60 thousand people of different nationalities, different profession. When the Russian military attacked the Ukraine, March 8, 2014 was created Congress of our organization. We got together and decided to create a peacekeeping battalion. This is not a Chechen battalion, this is international battalion, which includes different people.

In this way we turn up on the territory of Ukraine, and we are eager to help you, not via words, but with deeds. We 23 years fight against this occupier, we have the experience. We know who is Putin and Kadyrov, we know what they look like. They do not have anything human. Believe me, like no other, my people and I, representative of my people, as an army general, know price of words of Putin. Russian special services, Russian army make a truce only for regroup. If they say “we withdraw the troops” – which means that you have to wait for trouble.
Those who have come here, it’s 58 army elite army of the Russian Federation, which incessantly fight 23 years, and we are like no one else interested in the victory of the Ukrainian people. If Ukraine will lose – Chechnya lose loo. When we defending a freedom of Ukrainian people, we defend our freedom. If today we are going to retreat, believe me, they will not stop. If Ukraine shows weakness, they not stop and continue capture. This war of conquest.”
Translation Source LiveLeak user FromSiberia
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